Du Fu’s 5 most Classic Poems

Du Fu’s 5 most Classic Poems

No 1. 《春望》
国破山河在,城春草木深。
感时花溅泪,恨别鸟惊心。
烽火连三月,家书抵万金。
白头搔更短,浑欲不胜簪。
In November 755, An Lushan rebelled against the Tang Dynasty. The following June, the rebels captured Tongguan and Tang Xuanzong fled to Sichuan in a hurry. In July, the crown prince Li Heng was located in Lingwu (present-day Ningxia). < / p > < p > Du Fu heard that his family will be settled in Duzhou, a person defected to the Suzong court, unfortunately in the way was captured by the rebels, sent to Chang ‘an, after the lowly official was not imprisoned. In the spring of the second year of DE, Du Fu, who was in the occupied area, saw the depressed and scattered scene of Chang ‘an city and had mixed feelings.
No 2. 《春夜喜雨》
好雨知时节,当春乃发生。
随风潜入夜,润物细无声。
野径云俱黑,江船火独明。
晓看红湿处,花重锦官城。
The poem was written in the spring of 761. After a period of exile, Du Fu finally settled down in Chengdu, Sichuan province due to drought in Shaanxi, and began a relatively stable life in The middle of Shu. When he wrote this poem, he had been living in chengdu thatched cottage for two years. He personally plowed the fields, planted vegetables and raised flowers, and communicated with farmers. He had a deep love for spring rain, so he wrote this beautiful poem describing the rain on a spring night and the warmth of everything.
 No 3. 《望岳》
岱宗夫如何?齐鲁青未了。
造化钟神秀,阴阳割昏晓。
荡胸生曾云,决眦入归鸟。
会当凌绝顶,一览众山小。
In the twenty-third year of The Reign of Emperor Xuanzong (735), the poet came to Luoyang to be a scholar, but he came back in the end. In the twenty-fourth year of the reign (736), the poet began to lead an unruly and wandering life at the age of twenty-four. Du Fu wrote this poem while wandering north to Qi and Zhao (present-day Henan, Hebei, Shandong, etc.).
No 4. 《绝句》
两个黄鹂鸣翠柳,一行白鹭上青天。
窗含西岭千秋雪,门泊东吴万里船。
This poem “Quatrain” was written by the poet when he lived in Huan-Huaxi Thatched cottage in Chengdu. It describes the beautiful spring scenery around the cottage.
 No 5. 《闻官军收河南河北》
剑外忽传收蓟北,初闻涕泪满衣裳。
却看妻子愁何在,漫卷诗书喜欲狂。
白日放歌须纵酒,青春作伴好还乡。
即从巴峡穿巫峡,便下襄阳向洛阳。
It was written in the spring of the first year of Guangde (AD 763), when Du Fu was 52 years old. In the winter of the first year of Baoying (AD 762), the Tang army won a great victory at Hengshui near Luoyang, recaptured Luoyang, Zheng (now Zhengzhou, Henan), Bian (now Kaifeng, Henan) and other states. The rebel leaders Xue Song and Zhang Zhongzhi surrendered. In the following year, Shi Chaoyi, the son of Shi Siming, was hanged, and his generals Tian Chengsi and Li Huaixian surrendered one after another. Thus, the “Anshi Rebellion” which lasted for more than seven years came to an end. Du Fu, a poet who loved his country and was in turmoil, was living in Sichuan. When he heard the news, he was overjoyed and could not wait to return to his peaceful and stable hometown.

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